History of Hingarian Stamps
Hungarian Philatelic Society
of Fine Britain
Along with Hungarian history comes an incredible diversity of stamp and postal history collecting themes, made that little bit more challenging by the tricky language that has more te common with Japanese than with other European languages.
The use of Hungarian stamps began te 1850 following the suppression of the War of Independence of 1848/49. Spil this wasgoed a province of the Austrian Empire, the stamps used were those used te Austria. However the very first decent Hungarian stamp wasgoed designed during this war and now takes pride of place te the Stamp Museum te Budapest. This is a tint drawing designed by Mor Than. It wasgoed intended to be waterput on general release but when the war wasgoed lost, this did not toebijten.
Thus Austrian postage stamps were used te Hungary until 1867, either carrying the eagle blazon or the portrait of the Monarch, Franz Joseph. There were five issues ter all, and thesis stamps can be included ter Hungarian collections spil long spil they demonstrate a clear Hungarian postmark.
Albeit the Hungarian Postal Service became independent on 1 May 1867, it wasgoed not permitted to produce purely Hungarian stamps, and so fresh stamps had to be printed ter Austria, and thesis were used both te Hungary and Austria inbetween 1867 and 1871.
Plans to print and punt Hungary’s own stamps had already begun ter 1868, but the very first Hungarian postal stationery items (postcards and postal money orders) to be valid only ter Hungary were issued te 1871. After several attempts, the very first stamps were issued on 1 May 1871. Thesis were printed by lithography and substituted the 1867 stamps step by step. However with the arrival of the copperplate machine it became possible to engrave thesis stamps, which were more attractive.
At the end of 1874, with the permission of the King, stamps showcasing his portrait were switched to an punt of fresh vormgeving displaying an envelope and the inscription ‘MAGYAR KIR.POSTA’ (HUNGARIAN ROYAL Postbode) This kwestie is known spil the ‘Krajczár Kwestie with Coloured Numerals’, and were used together with the 1871 kwestie for a while.
From 1881 postage stamps were printed on watermarked paper. Ter 1888, the letterteken postbode, stage- coach, and telegraph posts (for which special telegraph stamps had bot issued) were united, necessitating the production of stamps with a much larger variation te face values. Thesis are the ‘Krajczár Punt with Black Numerals’, printed by typography.
From 1900, owing to switch te the monetary system, the ‘Forint- Krajczár’ stamps were followed by the ‘Korona- Filler’ kwestie. The Filler face values depict the mythical ‘Turul’ bird , while the high values display Franz Joseph’s portrait again. Its various watermarks and perforations add a richness to any collection, and the series lasted until the end of World War I.
From 1918 definitive stamps were issued for postal use, and special stamps for collectors, including Air Mail issues.
Newspaper, and newspaper tax stamps had bot issued from the begin for the transmission of newspapers only, but Postage Due stamps were introduced te 1903.
The inflation that occurred after the two World Wars (Very first Inflation 1919- 1926 and 2nd Inflation 1945- 46) is reflected ter the enlargening face value of the stamps. Particularly interesting items of postal history were produced ter the instantaneous years after World War II with thesis stamps.
Stamps issued inbetween 1946 and 1980 are not only interesting because they reflect Hungary’s postbode war history, but also because they are beautiful for their choice of themes. Since 1980 the Hungarian Postal Authorities have curtailed their annual output and now produce some of the best designed and printed stamps te the world.
Imperforate stamps before 1946 are usually printer’s waste and were never issued spil such. From 1946 to 1991 the Postbode Office issued a petite quantity of all issues ter imperforate form. Thesis were sold only to members of the National Stamp Club at five times the face value. They are widely collected and some are te brief supply. They were all valid for postage, and still are.
Ter the period following the Very first and 2nd World Wars several local or ‘occupation’ stamps were issued ter the occupied areas of Hungary with overprints on Hungarian stamps.
A growing collecting area is for Revenue Stamps, both National and Municipal.
The reader can see from this brief history that there is a wealth of subjects to choose to collect, and many of our members have chosen to concentrate on a specific subject, such spil the very first Turul punt or 2nd Inflation covers.
Joining the Society will enable you to find out much more about your chosen topic.